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6 Months of Farmers Protest: A timeline of events

Farmers celebrating the black day on completion of 6 months of protests

The Sanyukt Kisan Morcha has called for a black day across the country on 26 May against the new agricultural laws, as six months of protests are going to be completed on this day. Farmers, while seeking support from all the countrymen, have also appealed to them to put a black flag on their houses and vehicles and burn effigies of the Modi government on Wednesday.

In view of this call of farmers, Delhi Police has also become alert. Farmers are celebrating ‘Black Day Protest’, that is, Black Day. Today, farmers will protest against the central government and agricultural laws by wearing a black band and wearing a black turban on their head. The farmers say that there will be no violent demonstration, but the Delhi Police has made adequate security arrangements in Delhi.

On Wednesday morning, the farmers tried to burn the effigy, but at the top of the police, there started a furore. However, later the police understood and pacified the matter. Sanyukt Kisan Morcha appealed to all citizens to celebrate ‘Black Day’ by waving black flags from their homes, vehicles and other places. Farmer leaders said that farmers should wear a black turban and black chunni on this day.

What happened in 6 months?

Till January 22, 11 rounds of talks have been held between the government and the farmers, but no solution has been reached. At present, lakhs of farmers are standing at different borders. The Farmers Protest has been on the borders of Delhi for 6 months.

This movement, which runs against the farm laws, is facing the disaster of the weather, the government’s indifference, and the disaster of the coronavirus. Farmer leaders are willing to talk unconditionally but at present, the government has not held any talks with the farmers after 22 January. From 26 November 2020, the peasant movement, which started from the bitter cold on the Delhi border, is now going on even in the scorching heat, with the same passion and anger.

In the second lockdown of the Corona pandemic today (Wednesday), farmers celebrated ‘Black Day’ in different places across the country. Despite the death of millions from the Corona epidemic, there is a fear of more agricultural legislation than the corona among the farmers who sit on the border protesting against the agricultural laws.

What are the new agricultural laws?

1. The Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill 2020

2. Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Price Assurance Contracts and Agricultural Services Bill

3. Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill

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Major Events happened during protests:

On 11 December 2020: Bharatiya Kisan Union moved the Supreme Court against the three farm laws. On January 26, 2021, thousands of protestors clashed with the police during the tractor parade called by farmer unions.

After several protestors from Singhu and Ghazipur changed their route, they marched towards Central Delhi’s ITO and Red Fort, where police resorted to teargas shelling and lathi charge while some farmers vandalised public property and attacked police personnel. At Red Fort, a section of protesters climbed poles and walls and hoisted the Nishan Sahib flag. One protester died in the chaos. There have been more than 44 FIRs registered and 127 people arrested in connection with the violence on Republic Day.

Why are Farmers protesting?

Farmers fear that the government may gradually eliminate the minimum support price, on which the government buys food grains from farmers. But the central government has made it clear that the MSP will not be abolished. They say that the big companies will try to take advantage of the situation of the crop and the situation of the dispute and will not compromise with the small farmers. The farmers say that it is dangerous not only for them but also for the common people. Due to this, there will be no limit to raising agricultural productivity. Private investment will be exempt to collect yield and the government will not know how much stock is held and where?

The Samajwadi Party has given its support to the farmers’ black day demonstration. Akhilesh Yadav wrote- shedding his blood and sweat which causes rash from house to house. AAP also supported the decision of farmers organizations to celebrate Black Day on 26 May.

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Jagisha Arora

MA in History and has worked as a freelance writer. She writes on issues of gender, caste and democracy.
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