Avoid These Scalp Conditions: Maintain Optimal Hair Health
The scalp is one of the most crucial parts of our body, yet the one often ignored. The scalp protects our skull and provides a nurturing environment for our hair follicles. However, if we do not take proper care of our scalp and our health, various scalp conditions can cause us discomfort. So, what are these scalp conditions and their causes? Is there a way to avoid them and treat them? Let’s find out.
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This is one of the most common scalp issues that everyone faces at some point or the other. It is the presence of flaky, itchy skin on the scalp caused by the overgrowth of a fungus called Malassezia.
- Using a medicated shampoo with zinc pyrithione, selenium sulfide, or ketoconazole.
- Keeping your scalp clean and combing often
- Using coconut oil to oil your hair (this depends on your scalp condition)
- Use a mixture of curd and lemon for your hair and leave it in for some time and then wash it with water.
2. Scalp Psoriasis
It is a chronic autoimmune disorder where there is a rapid autoimmune disorder. Stress is known to make the situation worse. It is usually a result of an immune dysregulation around skin cells.
- Visit a dermatologist, and they will prescribe medicines for the same.
- Topical treatments such as corticosteroids help manage symptoms.
- Daily practices such as not shampooing often or using therapeutic oils can also help.
3. Seborrheic Dermatitis
This scalp condition is characterized by red, greasy, and scaly patches on the scalp. An overgrowth of yeast or excessive oil production are common causes for this.
- Medicated shampoo with pyrithione zinc, ketoconazole, or selenium sulfide are also good treatment options.
- Antifungal creams may also be prescribed
4. Scalp Folliculitis
This is the result of inflamed hair follicles that it caused by bacterial or fungal infections. Excessive sweating or irritation from hair products and a compromised immune system function can also cause these red bumps.
- Avoid using products with irritants or harsh chemicals.
- Antiseptic cleansers can also help in this condition.
In severe cases, visit a doctor, and prescription of antifungals and antibiotics might be needed.
5. Tinea Capitis or Scalp Ringworm
This is a fungal infection that is often seen in children and is contagious. Itchy scalp, hair breakages, or even swollen lymph nodes are symptoms of this condition.
- The best way to treat this is an antifungal medicine.
Though a lot of these scalp conditions are a result of extended periods of ‘no care’, following simple hair care techniques can always be helpful. Combing hair regularly, keeping the scalp clean, eating green and healthy vegetables, and drinking enough water are some of the ways to take care of your hair’s health as well.
Many people believe that it is only external care that is important, but our hair is also affected by what we eat, stress, and other factors. Pollution, harsh sunlight, use of chemicals further worsen the quality of our hair.
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