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Not Just History- Your Science Books Also Need Revision, 5 Ancient Indian Scientists & Their Discoveries

From Sushruta to Baudhayana, these ancient Indian Scientists had nailed their field before Newton & Pythagoras

Greatest ancient Indian scientists: Many times, people have protested to include many Indian heroes which are missing from the history books. However, not just history, books of science and mathematics also need revision.

India, which is known as a land of culture and tradition is also rich for shelling out many medical miracles, Scientific facts, and solving the greatest mathematical theories.

These ancient scientists of India were sages and sadhus who became Maharishis and Acharya. They were also clever enough to record their observations and today also many new scientists refer to these Samhita for their study.

Therefore, here are the 5 greatest ancient Indian scientists who had given the world some greatest theories and practices way before they were discovered by other foreign scientists.

5 greatest ancient Indian scientists

Sage Sushruta- First-ever Plastic Surgeon


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Do you know that the first-ever plastic surgery was performed in India? Sage Sushruta was an Indian plastic surgeon nearly 2600 years ago. This physician of ancient India also called the father of surgery, invented nearly 300 kinds of surgeries. As a physician, he treated soldiers who got injured on the battlefield. He would fix the broken parts of soldiers.

Sushruta invented rhinoplasty -nose surgery and was the first cata

ract surgeon who cured many eye problems. He also made 121 surgical instruments.

Also, Sushruta recorded his inventions in Sanskrit script which is known as Sushrut Samhita.

He performed critical surgeries like caesarean, abdominal, and brain surgery. His contribution to medical science cannot be summarized in a single piece of article.

Maharishi Agastya- the discoverer of electric batteries


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The man who discovered electric batteries was an Indian scholar called Maharishi Agastya. He was one of the most accomplished scholars of ancient India. The texts written by him give us great information about his outstanding work in the fields such as science, medicine, language, and literature to name a few.

Maharishi Agastya is the one who created the Tamil language. He was the one who discovered electric batteries thousands of years ago. The details of this whole experiment are available in his text called Agastya Samhita.

Rishi Kanaad- Explained gravity before newton

We know and understand the atom as the smallest unit of matter. Did you know that this idea was explained in India over 2500 years ago by a Rishi named Kashyap? Kashyap carried out a study about this unknown world of small particles and stated his theories about Annu (atom). His observations were documented and he began teaching others. That’s how he earned a name for himself Acharya Kanaad- the teacher of small particles. He authored the Vaisheshika Sutra in which he investigated the nature of matter, its attributes, and actions in the universe in a critical way possible.

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Maharishi Kanaad also expounds on the role of gravity and the law he stated is similar to what we call Newton’s Law of Motion these days.

Baudhayana- the original Mathematician behind Pythagoras theorem and value of pi

Pythagoras’ theorem is attributed to Baudhayana. Pythagoras’ theorem was indeed known much before Sir Pythagoras. It was one of the ancient Indian scientists aka Rishi who discovered it at least 1000 years before Pythagoras was born! The credit for authoring the earliest Sulba Sutras goes to him which deals with appendices to the Vedas giving rules for the construction of altars—called the Baudhayana Sulbasutra, which contained several important mathematical results. The value of pi was first calculated by him.

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Additionally, Baudhayana demonstrates the Pythagorean theorem for an isosceles right triangle non-axiomatically using a rope measure.

Acharaya Charak – father of medicine

Acharaya Charak was crowned as the father of medicine. The Ayurvedic encyclopedia Charak Samhita is one of his most celebrated works. Although several millennia have passed since his death, his principles, diagnoses, and cures remain potent and true. When the science of anatomy was confused with different theories in Europe, Acharya Charak revealed through his innate genius and inquiries the facts on embryology, human anatomy, pharmacology, blood circulation, and diseases like tuberculosis, diabetes, heart disease, etc. Charak Samhita describes the medicinal properties and functions of 100,000 herbs. He also prescribed an ethical charter for medical practitioners 2 centuries before the Hippocratic oath.

It is sad to know that these great Indian ancient scientists were given even mentioned in our science and mathematics books. Even though many foreign universities and academies had acknowledged their work and preserved the records. But our Indian youth remains unversed.

Therefore, share it and give one more reason to Indians to be proud.

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Ayushi Mittal

In her journey to become a journalist, Ayushi can inculcate your tale through her news writings. You may find her with a mike in protests, rallies, or in museums. So what's your story?
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