The Cannes International Festival or as the French calls it-Le Festival International du Film de Cannes or just Festival de Cannes, is celebrated annually in Cannes, France. It provides a prestigious platform for previewing new films of nearly all genres from around the globe.
‘The Cannes Film Festival has its origins in the late 1930s when Jean Zay, the French Minister of National Education, on the proposal of Philippe Erlanger and with the support of the British and Americans, set up an international cinematographic festival. In 1947, the festival was held as the “Festival du film de Cannes”, where films from sixteen countries were presented. At that time the principle of equality was introduced, with a jury made up of only one representative per country. The festival is now held at the Palais des Festivals, expressly constructed for the occasion, although for its 1949 inaugural the roof was unfinished and blew off during a storm. The festival was not held in 1948 and 1950 on account of budgetary problems. Although its origins may be attributed in part to the French desire to compete with Autumn’s Venice Film Festival, in 1951 Cannes was moved to Spring to avoid a Fall clash.’
‘In 1955, the Golden Palm was created, replacing the Grand Prix du Festival which had been given until that year. In 1957, Dolores del Rio was the first female member of the jury as a Sélection officielle – Member. In 1959, the Marché du Film (Film Market) was founded, giving the festival a commercial character and facilitating exchanges between sellers and buyers in the film industry. Today it has become the first international platform for film commerce.’
In 1962, the International Critics’ Week was born, created by the French Union of Film Critics as the first parallel section of the Cannes Film Festival. Its goal was to showcase first and second works by directors from all over the world, not succumbing to commercial tendencies. In 1965, homage was paid to Jean Cocteau after his death, and he was named Honorary President for life. The next year, Olivia de Havilland was named the first female president of the festival.’
‘The invitation-only festival is held annually (usually in May) at the Palais des Festivals et des Congrès.’
This year Cannes Film Festival will be held from 15th May to 26th May, 2013. American director Steven Spielberg will preside as the President of the jury.
Star Brazilian soccer player Pelé will also be present on the occasion. His biographical film ‘coming of age’ will also be shown at the festival. t e film is produced by Brian Grazer.