World Sleep Day Special: Why you should never compromise on your sleep? - One World News

World Sleep Day Special: Why you should never compromise on your sleep?

All you need to know about this day!


World Sleep Day 2018 is here, so celebrate by getting cosy in bed and catching some quality sleep. Yes, you heard right today entire world is celebrating sleep day. That is right, the World Sleep Day Committee has organized an entire day devoted to the importance of sleep and bringing awareness to sleep-related issues. Many of us are not aware of the fact that it takes almost 10-15 minutes to fall asleep.

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Here are five common types of sleep disorders from which majority of people go through!

1.INSOMNIA: Insomnia is the most common sleep Disorder majority of people go through.

Causes: High levels of stress; certain medications; anxiety or depression. Drugs or alcohol abuse.

Symptoms: Difficulty falling asleep and then maintaining that sleep. While everyone has a bad night of sleep every so often, insomnia is a chronic issue, not acute. 

Treatment: Cognitive behavioural therapy and/or medication are often prescribed.

2.SLEEP APNEA: Next disorder comes in the list is sleep apnea.

Causes: A complete or partial blockage of the throat. 

Symptoms: Daytime sleepiness, morning headaches, and—as any person who has attempted to sleep beside someone with apnea can attest—excessively loud snoring. Apnea may cause you to stop breathing multiple times per night. 

Treatment: The most common treatment for apnea is a CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) machine, which keeps a person’s throat open via a steady stream of air.

3.RESTLESS LEG SYNDROME

Causes: Experts are not sure what causes RLS, but theorize that it’s hereditary. Medications have also been known to cause RLS. Pregnant women sometimes suffer from RLS.

Symptoms: An irresistible urge to move the limbs, not just legs. Often occurs in the evening or during periods of rest. Neubauer says that those who have RLS can kick or move hundreds of times a night, every single night.

Treatment: Regular exercise; reduction in caffeine and alcohol. For severe cases, medication can be prescribed.

4.REM SLEEP BEHAVIOR DISORDER

Causes: The mechanism in the brain that prevents motor movement while sleeping does not function properly.
Symptoms: Sudden and intense movement during sleep. People with the REM sleep behaviour disorder have been known to thrash in bed, jump out of bed, and even tackle furniture that may or may not deserve it. 

Treatment: Medication is often advised.

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5.NARCOLEPSY:

Last but not the least comes narcolepsy.

Causes: Abnormalities in the parts of the brain that control REM sleep.

Symptoms: While people with narcolepsy can suddenly fall asleep at the most inopportune moments, most spend their days in a weird middle ground of sleep.

Treatment: Medication is often advised.

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How to get good sleep?

1.Stick to a sleep schedule: Set aside no more than eight hours of sleep. The recommended amount of sleep for a healthy adult is at least seven hours. Most people do not need more than eight hours in bed to achieve this goal. Go to bed and get up at the same time every day. If you do not fall asleep within about 20 minutes, leave your bedroom and do something relaxing. Read or listen to soothing music.

2.Pay attention to what you eat and drink: Do not go to bed hungry. In particular, avoid heavy or large meals within a couple of hours of bedtime. Your discomfort might keep you up.Nicotine, caffeine, and alcohol deserve caution, too. These things can affect your sleep.

3.Create a restful environment: Create a room that is ideal for sleeping. Often, this means cool, dark and quiet. Exposure to light might make it more challenging to fall asleep. Avoid prolonged use of light-emitting screens just before bedtime. Consider using room-darkening shades, earplugs, a fan or other devices to create an environment that suits your needs.

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