Hanging is the most prominent means of committing suicide in India
In the continuation of World Suicide Prevention Day articles, we will be talking about the causes of suicide. After going through various reports and studies, we have found 7 main reasons why people take their lives. Before we proceed further, it is essential to know that suicide is not a solution to any problem. If you need help, seek it from your family, friends, NGOs, professionals, and more but never ever think of committing it. We do not want to glorify the suicide in this series. Our sole purpose is to inform and educate you about suicide prevention.
7 main reasons why people commit suicide
- Mental Illness
As per the reports, most people take the decision of ending their life by attempting suicide shortly before they commit it, rather than planning it extensively. Severe depression is believed to be the most common factor in committing suicide. Depression can make a person hopeless, cause emotional pain, and take away the sense of joy. It might make one feel that there is no other way to get rid of pain than ending their own life. Other than depression, Bipolar disorder, Schizophrenia, Eating Disorders, and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) can also cause mental illness which can lead to committing suicide.
- Suicide in response to an event
There are some incidents that can totally break a person. Such was with Adolf Hitler, he killed himself after his military was defeated and he knew that the allied forces will catch him. The sudden death of someone who is very close, deception, infidelity, and more can push a person over the edge, who is already suffering depression.
- Traumatic Stress
People who have had traumatic experiences like rape, childhood sexual abuse, war trauma, or physical abuse, are at a greater risk for suicide even after many years of the trauma. Multiple incidents of trauma, stress, or being diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD) can increase the risk even further.
- Loss or fear of Loss
An individual might decide to end his/her life after facing a big loss or facing a fear of loss. The loss could be anything- financial loss, academic failure, job loss, being arrested or imprisoned, bullying, humiliation or shaming, loss of family or friends due to revealing sexual orientation, end of a romantic relationship or close friendship, loss of social status.
- Substance use
Alcohol and drugs can make a person over-emotional and the person might attempt to end his own life. Once calmed and sobered, the person might feel emphatically ashamed. Whether these people will attempt suicide in the future, is not predictable. They might try again if they use drugs or alcohol again.
- Philosophical desire to die due to terminal illness
There are some people who decide to end their life due to the presence of a painful terminal illness from which little to no hope of reprieve exists. They want to take control of their life and end their suffering by ending their life. They think of committing suicide because they want to shorten their dying which will eventually take place.
- A Cry for help
Sometimes people try to commit suicide not because they want to die but to seek help (Some might call it attention) from others. They just want to show the world how much they are hurting by attempting suicide by inhaling poison, cutting veins near wrists, and more. But often the overdose of poison or too much bleeding ends up taking their lives.
India’s situation in Suicide
According to the recently released data by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), 1 in every 3 of the total 1, 39, 123 people who died by suicide in 2019 took the step because of their family problems. Substance use, and being ill were the other major known causes. Together they accounted for 23 %. Indebtedness or bankruptcy, poverty, and unemployment led to the suicides of 11,500 people which is about 8.2 %.
Hanging (53.9 %) was the most prominent means of committing suicide, followed by consuming poison at 25.8 %, drowning at 5.2 %, and self-immolation at 3.8% in the year 2019.
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