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What happened during violence in Assam? Explained Here.

How violence erupted in the Assam? What Exactly happened there?


In Assam’s Darrang district, there was such a violent clash between the police and the people that two lost their lives, while nine policemen were also injured. After this incident, the video of a photographer also went viral where he was seen vandalizing the dead body. Now that photographer has been identified and arrested but Assam is boiling after this incident. Know what happened in this dispute so far-

What happened in Darang?

Violent clashes broke out between the police and local people in Assam’s Darrang district on Thursday. According to the police, these people had come there to encroach. In such a situation, the police were ordered to remove that encroachment. But during that action, the local people attacked the police itself. They were beaten up by running. After this, the police also opened fire, and two people lost their lives.

Who is the photographer and what to do with the case?

Now after that ruckus of Darang, before the situation could become normal, the video of a photographer became increasingly viral. In that video, a photographer was seen vandalizing the dead body. He was jumping on her dead body, kicking and punching her in the chest. But now the police have arrested that photographer. His name is Bijay Shankar Bania who is working in the office of District Commissioner in Darang.

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What is the stand of the Assam government?

The stand of the Assam government on this incident is very clear. It is reported from the sources that the Assam government is not going to bow down in this matter. The government claims that 3000 families have taken possession of 25 thousand acres of land. Apart from this, there was also a five-thousand-year-old temple, which was encroached upon. According to the government, up to two acres of land can be given to those people who do not have any land of their own. But the local people were not satisfied with that offer. The government has also told that earlier people were being removed quite peacefully, but on Thursday the crowd turned violent and this dispute arose.

What lies in the Assam violence?

Assam has witnessed violence on many occasions since Independence over the issue of identifying ‘foreigners’, or illegal immigrants from Bangladesh. Even today, there is a political uproar over the National Register of Citizens (NRC) and Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2016, both dealing with the ‘outsider’. The foreigner issue gained momentum in the late ’70s when regional groups raised it as part of an agenda on illegal migrants.

When violence erupted during elections

In 1983, the central government decided to hold assembly elections in Assam. But the organizations associated with the movement boycotted it. Very few votes were cast in these elections. In areas where Assamese-speaking people had a majority, less than three percent of the vote was cast. Violence broke out in the state in the name of tribal, linguistic, and communal identities in which more than three thousand people were killed. The Congress Party government was formed after the elections, but it did not enjoy any democratic legitimacy. On 15 August 1985, an agreement was reached between the Rajiv Gandhi government at the Center and the leaders of the movement, which came to be known as the Assam Accord. Under this, it was decided to give full citizenship and the right to vote to all the people who came between 1951 and 1961. It was decided that those who came to Assam after 1971 would be deported. People who came between 1961 to 1971 were not given the right to vote, but they were given all other rights of citizenship.

Even after 1985, the movement for a separate Bodo state continued here. Similarly, the active, underground, and violent movement of ULFA continued for the demand of a separate nation for the Assamese people by separating from India.

What happened during the Nellie massacre?

In February 1983, thousands of tribals surrounded dozens of Bengali-speaking Muslim villages in the Nellie area during the movement against illegal Bangladeshi nationals, and within seven hours over two thousand Bengali Muslims were killed. The attacking tribals were angry with the Bengali Muslims because they had given the slogan of boycotting the elections and the Bengalis had voted in the elections. Gujarat riots, Mumbai riots, and anti-Sikh riots are always discussed in India, but the people of the country do not even know about the Nellie massacre, which happened just a year before the 1984 Sikh riots.

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Jagisha Arora

MA in History. Writes on gender, caste, and social issues. Believe in Dr. BR Ambedkar and Democracy

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