Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah’s 114th Birth Anniversary: Was he jailed for conspiracy against Kashmir?

Ankit Kumar
Sheikh Abdullah

Sheikh Abdullah was the second Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir and forefather of Abdullah family

Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah, a Kashmiri politician was born on 5th December 1905. This year, it will be his 114th birth anniversary. He played a crucial role in Jammu and Kashmir politics. He was referred to as “Sher-E-Kashmir” (Lion of Kashmir) by his supporters. He was the second Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir after its accession of India. He is one of the founding members of All Jammu & Kashmir Muslim Conference.  Sheikh Abdullah is the father of former Chief Minister of J&K, Farooq Abdullah.

10 things to know about the late Sheikh Abdullah

1. The famous politician was the second Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir. He took office in 1948.

2. Abdullah was imprisoned for three years for launching the Quit Kashmir movement against Maharaja Hari Singh.

3. Abdullah developed the thought of questioning feudalism after getting influenced by the progressive ideas in Aligarh Muslim University.

4. Sheikh Abdullah was accused of conspiring against the state in 1953. He was arrested and sent to jail for 11 years in the “Kashmir Conspiracy Case”.

5. The Indira-sheikh accord was witnessed in 1975. He returned as Chief Minister  of Jammu and Kashmir after spending 11 years in jail in the “Kashmir Conspiracy Case”.

6. He visited Pakistan in 1964 to explore the possibility of resolving the issue of Kashmir.

7. Urdu Poets Josh Malihabadi, Hafiz Jullundhri, and Faiz Ahmad Faiz admired Sheikh Abdullah admired Abdullah. They wrote poems for him for his lifelong struggle against the rights and injustices for the common man.

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8. He also solemnized the marriage of Faiz Ahmad Faiz, a famous Urdu poet, and his wife Alys at Pari Mahal, Srinagar.

9. Kashmiri author MY Taing published a biography of Abdullah, Atish-e-chinar (Flames of chinar) after his death. The biography was based on his personal interaction with the leader.

10. A mammoth gathering was witnessed at Sheikh’s Abdullah funeral. Then-President of India, Mohammad Hidayatullah also paid his tribute to Sheikh Abdullah.

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