National Girl Child Day aims to provide awareness on various issues related to the girl child
The National Girl Child Day is celebrated on every 24th of January in India. Ministry of Women and Child Development initiated it in 2008. It aims to provide awareness on a range of issues including nutrition, health, and education.
Government of India has introduced various measures (Dhanlakshmi) to strengthen the status of the baby girl in society. The Dhanalakshmi scheme ensures that basic needs of a girl like birth registration, immunization and school maintenance are taken care of till class 8.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Beti Bachao Beti Padhao on 22nd January 2015 to address a significant declining trend in the Child Sex Ratio (CSR). Child Sex ratio is calculated on a number of girls for every 1000 boys between the age group of 0-6 years. The overall goal of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao campaign is to celebrate the Girl Child and enable education for her.
Other measures like the Prohibition of Child Marriage Restraint Act 2006, Domestic Violence Act 2009, POCSO Act 2012, Pre-Conception & Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC&PND T) Act 1994 etc, have been taken to stop various injustices against the girl child.
1. To increase the awareness against the social stigma and discrimination faced by girls.
2. To generate awareness among the people and ensure every girl gets equal importance as boys.
3. To increase awareness on the issue of declining Child Sex Ratio and create a positive environment around valuing the girl child.
According to the Census data of 2011, only 65.46 per cent of the females were found to be literate as against 82.14 per cent of male. The survey also revealed that gender discrimination is still a thing in society.
The Indian government has introduced various schemes to ensure every girl child enjoys a better life. Here are few of those rights:
1. Child marriages have been restricted in India.
2. Use of ultrasound tests for gender discrimination has been made illegal across the country.
3. “Save the Girl Child” has been introduced by the Indian government.
4. Introduction of Self-Help groups to ensure a better livelihood for girls in rural areas.
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