Mahavir Jayanti 2019: Know the History & Significance of the festival


Mahavir Jayanti 2019: 5 things that we all should learn from Swami Mahavir

Mahavir Jayanti 2019 will fall on April 17. Mahavir Jayanti marks the birth anniversary of Lord Mahavir, the founder of Jainism.  Mahavir Jayanti was the last Tirthankara – a savior and a spiritual teacher in Jainism. The date of Mahavir Jayanti changes every year as it is celebrated on the thirteenth day of the month Chaitra.

Lord Mahavir promote non –violence and peace. He preached love and respect for all living beings. On these values, he went to found a new religion called – Jainism.

History of Mahavir Jayanti

Lord Mahavir was born in the palace of Vaishali to King Siddhartha and Queen Tirsala.  Lord Mahavir took over the Kingdom and ruled it for 30 years.  After ruling the Kingdom for 30 years, he decided to give it up to seek enlightenment. It is a very auspicious day for the Jain community. Usually, an idol of Lord Mahavira is carried on a Chariot which is then taken on a Ratra Yatra.  The devotees chant Bhajan during the Rath Yatra.  People from Jain community do charitable work, they also visit the temple for the prayer meeting. Apart from it, the priests of Jain Community hold lectures to preach people the path of Virtue.

Auspicious Food for the Festival

Food plays an important role in the celebrations of Mahavir Jayanti.  The Jains follows Satvik diet and abstain from onions and garlic.  Their main idea is to consume a fresh meal.

Teachings of Lord Mahavir Jayanti that we all should learn from him:

1. Always Believe in Karma and Soul

According to Lord Mahavir, every element in this world is a combination of material and spiritual factors. However, the material factor is perishable; the spiritual factor is external and continuously evolving itself.  He said when soul attains infinite greatness it becomes Paramatma, the pure soul, with infinite knowledge, power, and bliss.

2. He Rejected Vedas

Jainism rejected the theory of the Vedas and attached no importance to the sacrificial rituals of Brahmans.

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3. Freedom to women

He was in favor of the freedom to women. He believed that they also had the right to attain Nirvana. He followed the example of his predecessor, Parsva Nath.  Women were allowed in Jain Sangha and many women became Sarmini and Sravikas.   In short, we can say he was more of a reformer of the existing religion rather than the founder of the new faith.

4. Ahimsa

Lord Mahavira laid too much importance on Ahimsa. He said all creatures, animals, plants, stones, rocks, etc pose a life and one should not harm to anybody from speech, deed or action.

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