J&K now Union Territory: Important Highlights of ‘Historic Decision’

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Jammu and Kashmir Row:  India is celebrating 


Amid a lot of speculations, the central government has finally scrapped Article 370.  Home Minister Amit Shah today addressed the Rajya Sabha, and revoked Article 370.  He proposed a bill in Rajya Sabha to bifurcate Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.  Union Territory Jammu and Kashmir would have a legislature while Ladakh would not have any legislature.

How this decision will make a difference in Kashmir?

  1. After this historic decision by Modi Government. Jammu and Kashmir would no longer be enjoying the special status.
  2. Earlier Citizens of Jammu and Kashmir had dual citizenship. Now, they will be only the citizens of India.
  3. Jammu and Kashmir had its own official  flag. Now, Indian National Flag would be hoisted there
  4. Earlier, Article 356 was not applicable to Jammu and Kashmir. After scrapping Article 370, it would be applicable to it.  Article 356 states, “Article 356, commonly known as President’s rule deals with “Failure of constitutional machinery in the State”. It empowers the Central government to deal with such a situation.”
  5. Now, the Vidhan Sabha of the state would also be of 5 years. Earlier, the Vidhan Sabha of this state was of 6 years. Non – permanent residents were not allowed to buy any property.  Right to information was also not applicable to this state. Now, with the end of Article 370, all these special rights would also end.
  6. Jammu and Kashmir will no longer have any Governor.
  7. India now have 9 Union Territories and one state from the list has been deducted.
  8. Ranbir penal code would not also be applicable to Jammu and Kashmir and IPC would be introduced in the Union Territory.

What about Article 35 A?

Article 35A wasn’t originally a part of Indian Constitution. It was added into the constitution in the year 1954.  It was added on the orders of then-President Dr Rajendra Prasad. However, after this historic decision Article 35 A doesn’t hold any validity. As per BJP Minister Ashwini Upadhyay, who had also filed a petition on Article 35 A and Article 370, Article 370(3) states that the President has the power to give special status to the state Jammu and Kashmir according to his wish.  Here, the Indian government has ended Article 370(3) and President Ramnath Kovind has approved it. When the President has approved to end article 370 (3), then his power would no longer be effective. That is why Article 35 A comes to an end.

How the event unfolded?

It all started on Friday.  On Friday, a notification was sent out by the Home Ministry to the Jammu and Kashmir state asking the pilgrims of Amarnath Yatra to leave the state as soon as possible. Amid a potential threat, 38,000 troops were sent to Jammu and Kashmir. The cause behind such heavy deployment of the troops was unclear, and the entire Nation was guessing what was happening in Jammu and Kashmir. In the midnight, the news broke, prominent leaders of Jammu and Kashmir including Mehooba Mufti, Omar Abdullah National Conference Vice President along with Sajjad Lone was under House Arrest and section 144 was imposed. On Monday morning, B JP Party President announced this Historic decision.

PM Narendra Modi Viral Picture

Reactions of other politicians

Ever since the news broke out, several reactions are coming from Indians. People of India are happy with the decision and various hashtags including #KashmirHamarahai is trending on Twitter. Well, a lot of politicians have also given their reaction to this historic decision. Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal has backed Central government and called it a bold decision. Apart from him, Sushama Swaraj also welcomed the bold move of the central government. On the other hand, Sharad Pawar, NCP Supremo believes that the government should have taken Valley ministers into confidence. However, People all across the nation are celebrating this historic decision of the government.  Meanwhile, an old picture of Prime Minister Narendra Modi is getting viral where he was seen protesting Article 370.

What was Article 370?
 

 Article 370 of the Indian constitution was an article that gave special status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. As a result of this provision, Indian citizens from other states cannot purchase land or property in Jammu & Kashmir.

Delhi on High Alert

8,000 more troops have been sent to Jammu and Kashmir. National Capital Delhi is also on high alert. Delhi Metro has sent a fresh notification on security. Commuters would undergo additional security checks keeping in mind Independence day and fresh developments in Parliament.

Read More:- Government splits Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories

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