What are Sustainable Development Goals & where we stand in 2020
A recent report published by NITI Aayog, the think tank of the country highlighted the progress of the States and Union Territories in achieving the SDGs.
What are the SDG goals?
The Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs are a list of 17 major goals with various sub-goals that were adopted by the General Assembly in 2015. The Goals emphasize on issues that are important to transform the world and should be achieved by 2030. These 17 Goals are-
GOAL 1: No Poverty
GOAL 2: Zero Hunger
GOAL 3: Good Health and Well-being
GOAL 4: Quality Education
GOAL 5: Gender Equality
GOAL 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
GOAL 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
GOAL 10: Reduced Inequality
GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
GOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
GOAL 13: Climate Action
GOAL 14: Life Below Water
GOAL 15: Life on Land
GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
GOAL 17: Partnerships to Achieve the Goal
What is the SDG India Index?
The SDG India Index was first published in 2018. The 2019 one is the second edition. It was developed by NITI Aayog in coordination with the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, UN in India and Global Green Growth Institute.
The 2018 edition had measured 13 out of 17 Goals whereas the 2019 edition measures 16 out of 17 Goals. However, a quality assessment has been done of the remaining goal.
How is it scored?
The scores range from 0-100. A score of 100 means that the state or the UT has achieved the 2030 goal. On the other hand, a score of 0 means that they were the worst (bottom) performer. The higher the score, the closer they are to achieving the target.
- Achiever: 100
- Front Runner: 65–99
- Performer: 50–64
- Aspirant: 0–49
What does the 2019 report say?
Here are the highlights of the report-
- Kerala ranked first with a score of 70.
- Himachal Pradesh ranked second.
- Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana were all ranked third.
- Bihar was at the bottom with a score of 50.
- Chandigarh topped amongst the UTs with a score of 70.
- The composite score of India improved from 57 last year to 60 this year.
- States like Uttar Pradesh improved the most from a score of 42 (2018) to 55 (2019). Even Odisha and Sikkim saw an improvement.
- The major areas where we scored were water and sanitation, power and industry
- The problem areas where India is lagging behind is gender and nutrition.
- Eight states were in the front runners.
- Marine ecosystems were taken only for coastal states and not counted in the composite score.
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