Essence of Hindu Festival Makar Sankranti: How to invite luck and happiness?

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The delicious food you can try!

Lohri and Makar Sankranti will bring peace and harmony: Here is how?


So, we are already in the year 2018 and the first festival of this year here. We are talking about ‘Makar Sankranti’. This festival is celebrated on a fixed date i.e. 14th January every year. This festival is one of the major harvest festivals which is celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm. This festival is a traditional and oldest event.After Makar Sankranti, the days grow longer and the nights shorter. Slowly and steadily freezing winters goes down. It is said that on the day of Makar Sankranti, the Sun enters the sphere of Capricorn zodiac known as Makar. Further, the term Sankranti signifies the movement of the Sun from one zodiac sign into another. Thus, the auspicious day is named as Makar Sankranti, which perfectly defines the movement of the Sun to the sphere of Makara.

The festival of harmony

Why is this festival celebrated?

It is said that on the day of Makar Sankranti the Sun enters the sphere of Capricorn zodiac known as Makar. Further, the term ‘Sankranti’ signifies the movement of the Sun from one zodiac sign into another. Thus, the auspicious day is named as Makar Sankranti, which perfectly defines the movement of the Sun to the sphere of Makara.  Makar Sankranti is one of the few Hindu festivals which is celebrated on a fixed date i.e. 14th January every year.

This festival is regarded as the beginning of an auspicious phase or the holy phase of transition. It also marks the end of an inauspicious phase which begins around mid-December. Also, it is also believed that any sacred ritual can be performed from this day onwards. The auspicious day of Makar Sankranti marks the beginning of warmer and longer days as compared to nights.

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The delicious food you can try!

Sankranti is celebrated all over India but is known by different names. The essence of the festival is same but names are not. In Gujarat, Makar Sankranti is known as Uttarayan whereas in Tamil Nadu it is known as Pongal, Uzhavar Thirunal. In Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab it is named as Maghi. Before the arrival of this festival, people start preparing sweets and lip-smacking dishes to celebrate a good harvest period. These sweets taste heavenly. Women offer the Shreemangalchandika prapatti and even offer it after the sunset on the day of Sankranti. This auspicious day holds a significance, Mata Mahishasurmardini, with the purpose of destroying Mahishasur, first set foot on earth, in the Kataraaj ashram of Rishi Kardam and Devahuti.

As the festival is celebrated in winters, people start preparing food which can give them give them energy and also keep their body warm. Tilguls – Laddu of Til (Sesame) is made up of Jaggery and devotees also pay respect to Goddess Saraswati. People greet each other Happy Sankranti by saying Tilgul Ghya Aani God God Bola. On this day there are several Melas or fairs which are been held and one of the most famous amongst all melas is Kumbh Mela. It is been held every 12 years at one of four holy locations namely Haridwar, Prayag, Ujjain, and Nashik.

Festival is all about love!

Makar Sankranti is a festival of love and peace. Makar Sankranti it is all about forgetting bitter and sad moments which happened in the past and welcoming the new phase of life which is full of purity, knowledge, and wisdom.

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Here are some unknown facts about Makar Sankranti!

  • One of the few Indian festivals that fall on the same day every year according to the Gregorian calendar.
  • Most Hindu festivals follow the position of the moon and are based on the lunar calendar. Thus, the dates of festivals change every year. But Makar Sankranti is a festival which falls on the same day every year as it follows the solar calendar. However, once every eighty years, due to revolution, the day is postponed by one day. Makar Sankranti is celebrated on the 14th of January every year (sometimes on the 15th) for now. From 2050, it is predicted that the festival will fall on the 15th January (and occasionally on the 16th).
  • As Makar Sankranti is one of the oldest festivals. Post the festival, it is officially the beginning of spring or the onset of Indian summer and the days become longer, and nights shorter.
  • Though extremely popular as Makar Sankranti, the festival is predominantly a harvest festival and is celebrated throughout India, from north to south and east to west. While Makar Sankranti is most popular in West India, down south, the festival is known as Pongal and in the north, it is celebrated as Lohri. Uttarayan, Maghi, Khichdi are some other names of the same festival.
  • Makar Sankranti is the festival of til-gulwhere sesame and jaggery laddoos or chikkisare distributed among all. They are generally accompanied by the saying, “Til-gul ghya ani gud gud bola“, which translates to ‘eat these sesame seeds and jaggery and speak sweet words’. It is a superstition that during the festival, the Sun God forgets his anger on his son Shani and visits him. Thus, by distributing sweets, everyone is asked to spread joy around. Also, since the festival falls in winter, eating of sesame and jaggery is considered beneficial to health as they are warm foods. It is good for health. Thus, it is specifically this sweet that’s distributed as it signifies bonding and good health.

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