Election 2019: Can Unemployment crisis harm PM Modi?


Election 2019:  Unemployment, the biggest issue of Indian voters

The entire nation is geared up for the general election 2019. There is so much happening in the world of Politics these days. BJP is working on its strategies. On the other hand, Congress has got Priyanka Gandhi onboard for the general elections 2019.  Talking about SP and BSP, they are joining hands for the upcoming elections. In a nutshell, we can say, “Rajneeti ma Kuch Bhi sambhav hai.” Well, it is hard to make any predictions right now that who will win the elections. Talking about the Modi government, Lack of jobs has become a major headache for the Modi government.

Where is Acche Din?

Let us jog up your memory. Do you remember the slogan ‘Bahut Hua Rojgaar Ka Intezaar, Ab Ki Baar Modi Sarkar’. It was seen hanging everywhere during the 2014 general elections. Prime Minister Narendra Modi was selling dreams to the youth of India who was unemployed. But the promises were not kept. Where are the ache din and where are the jobs? He promised to create 2 crore jobs every year but after analyzing Modi government’s performance, we can say, the government has badly failed. According to a survey conducted by C- Voter in December 2018, voters chose unemployment as the biggest problem that India is currently facing.

Inflation was a threat to UPA and Job Crisis is a threat to NDA

General Elections are most there and the job situation in India will hardly improve. In that case, it becomes obvious to ask what will be the impact of the lack of jobs on electoral results.  Can unemployment crisis harm Modi government the way combined effect of price rise and alleged corruption brought down UPA in 2014?  Now, there various factors that will come into consideration such as: Do voters blame PM Modi for the lack of jobs? Is the Congress in the position to take advantage of the anger around unemployment in the nation?

 Let us take a look at some important facts

Notably, the unemployment rate by the end of January 2018 stood at 6.1 percent, Probably the highest in the last two years. According to a report by the International Labour Organization, unemployment in India will increase from 17.7 million in 2016 to 18 million in 2018.

According to the Mood of the Nation Survey by Lokniti- center for the study of developing societies in May 2018, voters in North India are most concerned about the unemployment.  Well, this could be a threat to NDA. In 2014 elections, it had won 131 out of 151 seats in North India.

Are voters blaming Narendra Modi for Job Crisis?

We all know agrarian distress has led to farmers’ movements in different parts of the country such as Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh, there has not been such large- scale mobilization purely on the issue of jobs.

Notably, job – related dissatisfaction has been expressed in forms of agitations by different groups and castes demanding reservation such as Patidars in Gujarat, Jats in Haryana and Rajasthan, and many others. We need to keep in mind that all these are agrarian communities so the agitation is not purely based on unemployment. It was a product of both unemployment and agrarian distress.

In a nutshell, we can say that the impact of job crisis on the Modi government can be restricted. It would be surely seen on the results but it would be restricted.

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Will it benefit Congress?

For UPA, farmers’ issues will work better than the unemployment crisis. According to a report, 41 percent said that unemployment is the biggest problems in India. But they will still vote for BJP.  On the other hand, 38 percent said farmers’ woes in the major problem and they will choose Congress over BJP.  The voting preference who chose GST and demonetization was also the same- 38 percent for Congress and 23 percent for BJP.
To simply put, Congress has been more effective in gaining support on the issues like farmer’s woes and GST rather than jobs.


There are many other factors that will contribute to the victory of a particular party. But unemployment is a threat to the Modi government.  Elections in India are due in May and let us see “ Ab Ki Baar kiski Sarkar?”

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