Dengue and Chikungunya alert: Here are few things that you should keep in mind
Finally, after killing summers monsoon has hit India and with this danger of dengue and Chikungunya are on the top. But no worries little precautions can make your monsoon memorable and will help you to keep these diseases at bay. There are no clear treatments for the diseases, nor there is any vaccine against them, so the best way to remain safe is to prevent them from occurring at all.
What cause dengue and Chikungunya?
Dengue: This viral disease is transmitted to human bodies through the bite of female Aedes mosquitoes. It can also be transmitted from one infected human to another through blood transfusion and mosquito bites. It cannot be transferred directly between humans. The Aedes mosquito typically attacks during the day time and its favorite spots are below the elbows and below the knees.
Chikungunya: Chikungunya is caused by the same female Aedes mosquitoes that cause dengue. This ailment mostly affects the muscle cells of the body.
Detection of dengue and Chikungunya
A lot of people fail to detect whether it’s a normal viral or dengue. So, here are some symptoms that you should know.
Dengue: The symptoms of dengue only appear 3 to 14 days after the mosquito bite and not immediately. A flu-like illness that affects infants, young children and adults alike, dengue patient suffer from fever for the initial three-four days, followed by body pain. Pain behind the eyes, is also common. In acute cases, decreased urine output, respiratory difficulties and increased bleeding tendencies also accompany the usual symptoms.
Chikungunya: The prominent symptoms of Chikungunya include excessive body pain or myalgia, swelling in the joints and rashes across the body. The body pain, in this case, is more severe than in dengue cases. Other than this, the symptoms for both mosquito bite-borne diseases are the same.
How to prevent it?
Rather than going through long medical procedures. It’s better to take some precautions.
Turn over empty pails and buckets, so that they do not collect excess water. If the container that contains water cannot be emptied, remember to cover it well when not in use. Remember to clean out empty flower pots and not to over water potted plants. Just avoid collecting extra water anywhere.
Ensure that no rain water is collected in discarded objects (broken containers, tanks, old tyres, bird baths, and coconut shells) in your locality. Apply mosquito repellents on all exposed areas, during the day as well as at night on a regular basis during disease outbreaks. If you are going out during the day, ensure that you wear light colored clothes that cover the extremities of your bodies well. This is especially important for the elderly, who tend to take a stroll in the park, and for children, who play outside.
There are some purely natural ways to keep your place mosquito free. Before cleaning the outdoor area ensure that all the things inside the house is also clean.
Neem oil: If you have been wondering how to kill mosquitoes, neem oil mixed with coconut oil in a 1:1 ratio acts is a great indoor mosquito-repellent. Other than being a potent antibacterial, anti-fungal, antiviral, and anti-protozoal agent, neem oil lends your skin a particular smell that wards off mosquitoes.
Eucalyptus and lemongrass oil: Recommended by the CDC (Center for Disease Control) as an effective indoor insect-repellent, the mixture of lemongrass oil and eucalyptus oil is extremely effective in repelling mosquitoes naturally.
Camphor: Made from the extract of a tree, camphor has been found to have the longest mosquito repellent activity when compared to other natural products. Burn camphor (or camphor oil in a diffuser) in a room and close all the doors and windows. Leave it this way for about fifteen to twenty minutes for a mosquito free environment. This is most effective method.
Tulsi: According to several studies, tulsi is extremely effective in keeping mosquitoes away. Simply planting a tulsi shrub near your window can prevent mosquitoes from entering your house.
Garlic: Garlic may have a strong and pungent odour but that is exactly why mosquitoes stay away. Crush a few pods of garlic, boil them in water and sprinkle the water in the room you want to keep mosquito free.
Mint: Mint oil and mint extract are effective indoor mosquito repellents. You can use the oil in a vaporizer to help fill the room with its invigorating scent, apply the oil on your body or plant the shrub outside your room’s window.
Lavender: Not only does it smell divine but it is also a great way to keep those pesky mosquitoes at bay. To use this as a natural repellent, use a mix of lavender oil and water as a natural room freshener or apply it on your skin (you can mix it with your cream).
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