Know about the percentage, old to young ratio in details
World Adult Day is celebrated on 18th November every year to mark the ageing population on the earth and to celebrate the fact that millions of people across the world have reached later life. In the past century, the world has seen remarkable advancement in life expectancy, largely because of a better healthcare system. According to WHO, life expectancy was 33 years for female in 1910, it has increased to 82 years today. It is expected that the absolute number of people aged 60 years and over is expected to increase to 200 crore from 6.05 crore between 2000 to 2050. As we celebrate the World Adult Day, let’s look at the top 5 countries who have the oldest population.
Japan, the only Asian country in the list, has the oldest population in terms of age. Currently 1 in every 4th person in Japan in more than 65 years of age. Japan’s 29 per cent of the total population is aged 65 and over. Life expectancy in the country is 83. As per the GAP Index, people aged 60 and over is expected to account for more than 43 per cent of the population by 2040. Old to the young ratio in the country is 1.74:1. Only 13.1 per cent of the population is aged under 14.
Monaco is one of the world’s densely populated countries and is home to the second-oldest population. The median age of the country is 49.4 years. There are about 30, 539 people residing in the country, out of which 26.9 per cent of the population is aged 65 and over. As per the world bank, the country spent only 1.2 per cent of the total GDP on education in 2009.
The country has seen a 3 percentage point increase in the population aged 65 and above. 20 per cent of the total population was elderly in 2005 and 2010. GAP Index suggests that 40 per cent of the Italy population is going to age 60 or above by 2040. Old to young ratio in Italy is 1.47:1. 13.8 per cent of the population is between 0-14 per cent.
Germany is the second-biggest economy and the most populous European country to find a place on the list. 22 per cent of the total Germans are aged 65 years or above. It has increased by 3 percentage points since 2006. The young generation of up to 14 years age is 13.3 per cent and old to young ration stands at 1.54:1. The country has 23 lakh more women aged 65 years or above in comparison to men.
Greece’s population of people aged 65 years and above was 18 per cent in 2006. This increased to 19 per cent in 2010 and now it is 22 per cent. Almost one-quarter of the total population in the country have already retired. This has created a major problem for the government as they have to pay a pension to all these retired people. 14.2 per cent of the pollution in country 0-14 years of age. Old to young ration in the country is 1.38 to 1.
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