Anti-CAA resolution in EU Parliament: What consequences resolution can have on India?


Explained:  Anti-CAA resolution in EU Parliament, India calls it an internal matter

The Anti-CAA resolution in the parliament is attracting attentions in diplomatic circles. Know about the 6 resolutions, its impacts and what India is doing to counter it.

What is the anti-CAA resolution?

The members of the European Parliament (MEPs) including the four largest blocs within the 751-member house tabled six resolutions in the European Union Parliament. The MEPs tabled the resolution in the parliament as a part of a debate on India’s Citizenship Amendment Act. The discussions will take place on January 29 and it will be followed by a vote on the matter on January 30.

Most of the resolutions are critical of the Citizenship Amendment Act. However, there are few resolutions criticizing the implementation of National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam & the security lockdown and detentions in Jammu and Kashmir. S&D Group, the second-largest group with 154 MEPs moved a resolution against CAA stating that CAA has the potential to “create the largest stateless crisis in the world”.  Another resolution by the EPP group, the largest group with 182 MEPs, states that CAA could have negative consequences on the global image of India and internal stability of the country.

What could be the consequences of these resolutions?

The different groups who have tabled the resolutions are working behind the scenes to agree on a compromise text that can be taken up on January 29. The law asserts that even though the resolutions are debated and passed, they are not binding on the European Commission. However, they can lead to increase the pressure on India at a time when it is already facing strong criticism from Western powers, including Germany, key EU member on CAA, NRC and handling the situation in Kashmir. Experts have an opinion that MEPs could also lobby politicians in their home countries to raise their issues.

Read more: What does a common citizen of India think of CAA? An honest take

The resolutions could affect bilateral relations at a time when India and the European Union are looking to reset their relationship. Prime Minister Narendra Modi is scheduled to visit Brussels in March for the India-EU summit while foreign minister S Jaishankar is expected to visit in mid-February. The EU has already expressed its concern about the situation in Kashmir and a visit to the region by envoys of EU countries is being discussed currently by the EU mission in New Delhi.

What India has done to counter the Anti-CAA resolution in European Union Parliament resolutions?

There hasn’t been any official reaction from the external affairs ministry’s spokesperson so far. Though, Indian officials have reacted strongly saying that the CAA is an “entirely internal matter” and the law has been processed by due process and through democratic means in the Parliament. The officials also called on the sponsors and supporters of the resolutions to engage with the Indian government to get a “full and accurate assessment of the facts before they proceed further.”

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