Narendra Modi, Prime Minister Narendra on Friday has said that there was a need to continuously commemorate the day the Constitution was adopted to further stay connected with it, especially in the context of the present time.
26 November 2016, is officially known as the second Constitution Day in Indian history. In 2015, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) led government at the centre had declared 26 November as Constitution Day by a 19 November gazette notification.
The day was earlier commemorated as National Law Day, after a resolution by the Supreme Court Bar Association, a lawyers’ body, in 1979.
Sixty-seven years ago, on this day 26 November 1949, the Constitution of India was adopted.
The Constitution is a core legal document which lists out the fundamental rights of citizens, their duties, role of the government, interaction between the government and its citizens. It also consist of the powers of the prime minister, president, governor and chief minister and defines how the federal structure of the country will be maintained.
This document, with nearly 400 articles and provisions also defines the powers of the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. Separation of powers while keeping a check on the each arm of the government is a key feature of the Constitution – something that the finance minister Arun Jaitley says has eroded because of judicial activism.
The Indian Constitution drafter has been borrowed concepts and ideas from the (constitutions of) UK, US, (Ireland) Irish, (Germany) German, (Australia) Australian, (Canada) Canadian and (Japan) Japanese constitutions.
Here are some interesting facts about the Constitution
- 9 December 1946: The Constituent Assembly started its first session for the Constitution.
- 11 sessions: Number of sessions the Constituent Assembly had to (undertake to) complete the Constitution.
- 17: Number of committees formed in the Constituent Assembly.
- 165: Number of days for which the Constituent Assembly held meetings.
- 299: Number of members of the Constituent Assembly.
- 15: Number of women in the Constituent Assembly.
- 284: Number of members who finally signed the Constitution.
- 2 years, 11 months, 17 days – The time it took to finish the Constitution.