World AIDS Day 2016: Here is all you need to know about the deadly disease
It’s a war against deadly disease AIDS
Every year world celebrates the AIDS day on December 1 just to break the myths and stereotypes that are still associated with this deadly disease. World’s AIDS day is specially celebrated to encourage the people who are infected with HIV virus. Well, unfortunately there is no medical method to treat AIDS but few precautions can be really helpful. On the occasion of World AIDS Day, here are few things you should know about the deadly disease.
Today, on this important day we have tried to come up with some important facts that you all should know before forming any kind of perception.
1. AIDS is caused by HIV
The human immunodeficiency virus, which damages the body’s immune system that guards body from viruses and tumours. People who have AIDS become weaker because their bodies lose the ability to fight all illnesses. They will eventually die if untreated. There is no cure for HIV, but treatment is available to reduce the symptoms so that even people with the virus can have healthy, productive lives.
2. The onset of AIDS can take up to ten years
This is the major problem associated with AIDS. The onset of the disease can take up to ten years from the time of infection with the HIV virus. Therefore, a person infected with HIV may look and feel healthy for many years, but he or she can still transmit the virus to someone else. New medicines can keep person healthy but still he or she will be infected with the virus.
3. HIV is transmitted through HIV-infected bodily fluids
Yes, it’s a communicable disease. HIV is transmitted through the exchange of any HIV-infected bodily fluids. Transfer may occur during all stages of the infection/disease. The HIV virus is found in the following fluids: blood, semen (and pre-ejaculated fluid), vaginal secretions, breast milk.
4. HIV is most frequently transmitted sexually
HIV is most frequently transmitted sexually. That is because fluids mix and the virus can be exchanged, especially where there are tears in vaginal or anal tissue, wounds or other sexually-transmitted infections (STIs). Girls are especially vulnerable to HIV infection because their vaginal membranes are thinner and more susceptible to infection than those of mature women. So, always sexual intercourse with HIV infected person.
5. People who have sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are at greater risk of being infected with HIV
People who have STIs are at greater risk of being infected with HIV and of transmitting their infection to others. People with STIs should seek prompt treatment and avoid sexual intercourse or practice safer sex (non- penetrative sex or sex using a condom), and inform their partners.
6. The risk of sexual transmission of HIV can be reduced
The risk of sexual transmission of HIV can be reduced if people do not have sex or they avoid it, if uninfected partners have sex only with each other or if people have safer sex — sex without penetration or using a condom. The only way to be completely sure to prevent the sexual transmission of HIV is by abstaining from all sexual contact.
7. People who inject themselves with drugs are at high risk of becoming infected with HIV
Stop injecting yourself because it can really ruin your entire life. HIV can also be transmitted when the skin is cut or pierced using an unsterilized needle, syringe, razorblade, knife or any other tool. People who inject themselves with drugs or have sex with drug users are at high risk of becoming infected with HIV.
8. Contact a health worker or an HIV/AIDS centre to receive counseling and testing
If a person came to know about that he/she is suffering from AIDS it can disturb their mind state. Anyone who suspects that he or she might have been infected with HIV should contact a health worker or an HIV/AIDS centre in order to receive confidential counseling and testing. It is your right. (Article 24 of the Convention on the rights of the child)
9. HIV is not transmitted by everyday contact
HIV is not transmitted by: hugging, shaking hands; casual, everyday contact; using swimming pools, toilet seats; sharing bed linens, eating utensils, food; mosquito and other insect bites; coughing, sneezing. So, don’t treat person as an untouchable.
10. Everyone deserves compassion and support
Discriminating against people who are infected with HIV or anyone thought to be at risk of infection violates individual human rights and endangers public health. Everyone infected with and affected by HIV and AIDS deserves compassion and support.