World Tuberculosis Day: Here are few things you need to know about the deadly disease
TB is highly infected and deadly disease. Well, World Tuberculosis Day is observed on March 24 every year in order to spread maximum awareness about the disease. Awareness include its causes, prevention etc. This date is observed as TB day due to the discovery of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a bacterium due to which TB is caused, by German microbiologist Dr Robert Koch in 1882, when the disease had much of Europe and America under its grip. Here are few things you need to know about the deadly disease tuberculosis.
Related : Beware Of Tuberculosis!
Yes, earlier TB was limited to only western countries not to India but slowly and steadily it has become the part of our country too. At the hundredth anniversary of the discovery, in 1982, the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) suggested that the day would be observed as World Tuberculosis Day.
Here, are few things you should know about TB:
1. HIV patients are at the risk of TB: If we believe on experts, the probability of the disease is higher in HIV patients, as their immune system is weaker than others. Most HIV deaths occur due to TB. Weaker the immune system more the chances of getting infected with the disease.
2. It is an air pollution borne disease: More the polluted city you live in, it increase the chances of getting infected with the disease. City pollution is one of the major causes of tuberculosis. Stray dust on roads as well as fine dirt particles from construction sites can enter your lungs and increase chances of tuberculosis. Delhi always remain on red alert, so it’s better to cover your mouth.
3. It can be spread by air: It’s really common. It can spread through air. Tuberculosis can spread by being in infectious air as the disease is an infectious one whose bacteria travel through air droplets, by way of coughing or sneezing by an infected person. It is communicable disease. Therefore, a person who is infected should always avoid crowded, closes spaces and shift to an open environment immediately.
4. You might be infected with TB but not aware of it: It’s hard to find the symptoms of TB. Mostly we ignore coughing as normal viral. According to statistics, about 2.3 billion people in the world have TB, but many may never know that they have it. Due to a condition called latent tuberculosis, the person infected might never experience severe symptoms or be hazardous to others, but the germs will simply stay in the body.
5. It can affect more than your lungs: TB not only attack your lungs, it affects other body parts too. Usually, TB attacks the lungs but other organs such as the brain or the kidneys can fall prey to the disease too.
6. Coughing, cold sweat can be prominent symptoms :Yes, these two are prominent symptoms .Symptoms include coughing that lasts for more than two or three week, at times with blood, chest pain, fatigue, unexplained weight loss, weakness, fever at night, sweating in cool weather, shortness of breath, whistle-like sound while breathing, etc