The origin of unani medicine dates back to ancient Greece. The renowned philosopher and scholar Hippocrates (460-377BC) liberated medicine from the domination of magic and superstations and established it in the form of science.
Objective of Unani Medicine:
Hippocrates, the father of medicine firmly believed that medicine should be as gentle and safe as possible. This is also the prime objective of this great art of healing and historic science.
Owing to its wide prevalence in various parts of the world like Persia, India, Egypt, China, Syria, Iraq and other Middle Eastern nations, unani medicine is known by different names such as Oriental medicine, Greco-Arab medicine, Ionian medicine, Arab or Islamic medicine.
Principle of Unani Medicine:
“The unani medicine is based on the Humoral theory-which presupposes the presence of four humors. They are Dum (blood), Balgham (phlegm), Safra (yellow bile) and Sauda ( black bile). The body has the power of self preservation to maintain a correct balance of these humors, which is called as Quwwat-e-Mudabbira (Medicatrix natura). Unani medicines help the body to regain this balance.
The essential constituents and the working principles of the body, according to Unani, can be classified into seven main groups: arkan or elements, comprising earth, water, air and fire as different states of matter and the building blocks of everything in the universe; mizaj (temperament); akhlat (humours); aza (organs); arwah (life, spirits or vital breaths); quva (energy); and af’al (action).”
Diagnosis is made by the Unani Physician by observing Nabz(pulse) or the rhythmic contraction and expansion of arteries, urine and stool examination. The Unani treatment comprise up of three main types, namely,
(1) Ilaj bil tadbeer (regimental therapy),
(2) Ilaj bil Ghiza (dietotherapy),
(3) Ilaj bil dawa (Pharmacotherapy) and
(4) Jarahat (Surgery).