26th January is celebrated as Republic day in India. It was on 26th January, 1950 that the Indian constitution came into existence and India thus, became a Sovereign, Socialist, and Democratic Republic.
Significance of Republic Day:
Though India won freedom on 15th August 1947, but it was in 26th January 1950 that the Indian law actually came into being.
The Constituent Assembly appointed Late Dr. B.R. Ambedkar as the Chairman for drafting the Indian Constitution. The Indian Constitution drafted by the Constituent Assembly contained 395 Articles and eight schedules. It was adopted on November 26, 1949. Officially India was declared a Republic on January 26, 1950.
“January 26 was not some random date picked out of the calendar. It was on this date in 1927,that the Indian National Congress, then fighting its non-violent war for freedom, voted for complete independence as against ‘Dominion Status’. It was the date when members of the Indian National Congress took the pledge to work towards a ‘Sovereign Democratic Republic’ of India.”
At present Indian Constitution contains 12 schedules and 397 articles and is the longest constitution in the world.
Republic day depicts the spirit of freedom, fundamental principles of governance and rule of law. On this day the nationalistic and patriotic fervor unites the people of India. This feeling of oneness creates unity among diversity.