November 19 marks World Toilet Day, Here is all you need to know
November 19 is celebrated as World Toilet Day. The event is celebrated to reach out to the 2.4 billion people across the world living without toilet. The theme of 2016 is toilets and jobs, focusing on how sanitation, or the lack of it, can impact people’s livelihoods.
Notably, sanitation is a global development priority. The Sustainable Developments that were launched in the year 2015 include a target to ensure everyone everywhere has access to toilet till 2030.
#toilet is trending on twitter. The event is celebrated every year to draw the attention of people towards the sanitation crisis across the world. Toilet Day was originally established by the World Toilet Organization in year 2001. In the year 2013, the United Nation passed a resolution recognizing WTD as an official UN international day.
The main goal of UN is to send out the message that toilets save lives, increase productivity , create jobs and help economy to grow.
Here are some important facts that you should know
- About 1 out of 3 people lack access to improved sanitation
- One in ten people has no choice but to defecate in open
- Disease transmission at work is mostly caused by lack of sanitation and poor hygiene practice
- About 58 percent of all cases of diarrhea are caused due to unsafe water and poor sanitation
- Having to defecate in open also threaten human rights and safety, especially of women
In India a more sustained solution is required to end the open defecation. A targeted approach to create demand for functional toilets and to keep a check that there is an adequate supply of functional toilets is important.