Makara Sankranti is celebrated with utmost reverence and exuberance. The festival is widely observed in North India and Nepal. Like Lohri, Makar Sankranti is a harvest festival and falls on the same day in January every year.
Makar Sankranti is believed to open doors for the arrival of blissful spring. On this day Sun moves from the Tropic of Capricorn to the northern hemisphere and tells us about ‘Tamaso Ma Jyotirgamaya’—may you go higher and higher’. The sun god blesses the children with more and more light in their lives.
Besides being a harvest festival, Makar Sankranti also marks the onset of spring and end of a dark phase that according to classical Hindu calendar begins somewhere in the mid-December.
Scientifically from Sankranti onwards, the days become long and warm in contrast to nights. The day is also regarded to mark the end of winter season and beginning of spring season.
‘Khichdi’ a preparation of rice and pulsed cooked together, is traditionally cooked in Indian households on this day.
Makar Sankranti is observed as the festival of sun god- the symbol of celestial divinity and intelligence.