All you need to know about this deadly virus!
Deadly Nipah Virus outbreak has occurred in Kerela. Three people are already infected by it. As the death toll in Kerala because of Nipah virus rises, there is an increased concern about the infection. This infection has high fatality rate. The virus is mainly spread from pigs, bats and other animals. This is the first time that Nipah virus has been detected in Kerala. It was earlier detected in 1980’s. Following the increase in death toll because of the infection, the Union Health Ministry has sent a team of experts to Kerala in order to assist people who are struggling to cope with the outbreak.
Nipah virus infection is a disease which can be transferred to humans from animals. It can cause severe diseases to both animals and humans. Natural host of the virus is fruit bats of Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus. Transmission of Nipah virus takes place through direct contact with infected pigs, bats or other people infected with the virus. To prevent being infected by the virus, people should avoid consuming fruits that have fallen on the ground.
What are the Symptoms?
Other common symptoms of Nipah virus include acute respiratory syndrome, asymptomatic infection and fatal encephalitis. Nipah virus primarily causes encephalitic syndrome and has a high mortality rate. The virus causes multiple MRI abnormalities, including small asymmetric focal lesions in subcortical region.
Origin of NiV
NiV was first identified during an outbreak of disease in Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia in 1998. Pigs were the intermediate hosts then. However, in subsequent NiV outbreaks, there were no intermediate hosts. In Bangladesh in 2004, humans became infected with NiV as a result of consuming date palm sap that had been contaminated by infected fruit bats.
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