The existence of a harmonious landlord-tenant relationship is mandatory for a smooth leasehold estate. The safety and rights of both the landlord and the tenants have to safeguard. Overlooking anyone’s interest will lead to the breaking of the relationship.
A landlord is a person who rents out any owned property under a license. He is also termed as the”lessor” of the rental property. He permits the tenant to use his property under an agreement for a certain period of time. He gets monthly rent in return.
A tenant is someone who rightfully occupies the rented property under an agreement or lease. A tenant is also called a”lessee” of rental property.
Rules and Laws Governing Tenants and Landlords
Since expensive immovable property is at stake therefore, it is very important to safeguard the right so both the landlord and the tenant. Both should be in a gain-gain situation and should not be exploited.
Majority of the rules are explicitly mentioned in the agreement signed by the two parties. This agreement spells out the rental money, late fee charges, number of people renting the property, whether the landlord allows the pets or not, etc.
Besides this agreement, there are certain obligations imposed by the State on the landlords and the tenants. They are as under:
No decimation is permitted by the state on the grounds of gender, race, religion, caste, creed or disability. This is an important rule to ensure the rights of the tenant.
Maintain habitable environment
It is the duty of the landlord to maintain and provide habitable premises. The location should be clean and tidy. Unhealthy and uncouth accommodations are harmful for the health of the tenants. If the tenant spends money on repairs of the accommodation, he is eligible to deduct the expenses from the rent.
The landlord is supposed to retain the tenant’s security deposit within the allocated time period as set by the state.
Eviction with prior intimation
The landlord cannot evict a tenant without serving a prior notice and following appropriate judicial procedures.
Tenants should not use loud music or other noisy equipments
The tenants are supposed to seek the permission of the landlords before using a loudspeaker or other noisy equipments.
These rules ensure not only the safety of the rights of both the landlord and tenants but also provide the guidelines for smooth functioning of their relationship. They should be stringently abided by and should not be abridged.