180th Birth Anniversary of Sir William Henry Parkin: Who was he?
Google changes its doodle to signify some important events or things. Today, Google has changed it’s Doodle in order to give tribute to Sir William Henry Perkin. Born in England on March 12th, 1838, chemist Sir William Henry Perkin accidentally discovered “mauveine,” the first synthetic dye.
As an 18-year-old laboratory assistant, Perkin was cleaning out dark muck from a beaker after a failed experiment, when he noticed that the substance left a vivid purple stain when diluted with alcohol. Following his discovery, he focused on the patenting, manufacturing, and commercialization of this purple dye, which he named “mauveine.”
His Timings was remarkable as the textile industry was at a high. Purple clothing was very much in style. Perkin’s strong and inexpensively produced mauveine finally made this once-exclusive color readily accessible, igniting a violet fashion frenzy. Even Queen Victoria herself wore a mauveine-dyed gown to the Royal Exhibition of 1862! Wealthy and successful from his stint in manufacturing, Perkin eventually returned to laboratory research. He was even knighted in 1906, on the 50th anniversary of his serendipitous discovery.
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