Happy International Labour Day: Here is all you need to know
So, today is May 1 and entire world is celebrating the International Labour Day. Well, International Labour Day is a celebration of labourers and the working classes, promoted by the international labour movement, anarchists, socialists, and communists. For most of us this day means holiday. But we actually do not know the essence of this day. International labour Day takes place every year on May 1 which also matches with the Celtic spring festival.
What does this day Signify?
It is very important to know the significance of the International Labour Day. The day has its origins in the labour union movement, particularly the eight-hour day movement, which supports eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and eight hours for rest. It means working hours in any cost should be eight hours. International Labour Day which is also known as May Day has been an important official holiday in countries such as the People’s Republic of China, North Korea, Cuba, and the former Soviet Union.
History behind the May Day
Every day had its own history. May Day has its own enriched history. The date was chosen for International Workers’ Day by the Second International to commemorate the Haymarket affair, which occurred in Chicago on May 4, 1886.
In Chicago, on May 4, 1886, a bomb blast killed seven police officers and four civilians. The blast was a reply to the killings of peaceful demonstrators by police the day before. After the bombing, eight anarchists were convicted of conspiracy and sentenced to death. The case shaped international headlines because the indication suggested that none of those eight men had thrown the bomb. Three years later, a French socialist party created an international day to honour the labour movement and marked May 1 in commemoration of the Haymarket Massacre.
International Labour day in India
India too celebrates this day. The first May Day celebration in India was organized in Madras (now Chennai) by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan on May 1, 1923. This was also the time when the red flag was first used in India. The day is tied to labour movements for communist and socialist political parties.
Various Labour act in India
India has various labour acts. In India, the Child Labour Act of 1986, which prohibited employing people below 14 years, was directed towards achieving better labour standards and to ensure there was no abuse or maltreatment of children by industries.
Happy Labour Day to all!
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